Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 40-44
The Effect of Spinal Anaesthesia on Penile Tumescence
Sotonye Fyneface-Ogan, Department of Anaesthesia, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Ngozi Onyeanunam Ekeke, Department of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 3, 2018;       Published: Jul. 30, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ja.20180601.17      View  562      Downloads  52
It is a common observation that following spinal anaesthesia, the penis usually elongates. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of change in penile length following spinal anaesthesia. Consecutive urosurgical patients undergoing spinal anaesthesia were recruited for this study. Those who received general anaesthesia or incomplete spinal blocked were also excluded. The flaccid length of the penis was measured before and after the administration of spinal anaesthesia. Penile length 15 minutes post-spinal anaesthesia was measured and recorded. The change in length was tested for statistical significant difference, the age of patient; diagnosis and type of surgery were also recorded. Forty three patients completed the study. Benign prostatic hypertrophy constituted 41.9% of the surgical indications. While 53.5% of the patients were ASA I, 39.5% and 7.0% of them were ASA II and III respectively. While the mean initial penile length was 12.1 ± 0.53 cm and the mean final length was 15.7 ± 0.53 cm, the mean maximal change in penile length was 3.6±1.5 cm; p<0.0001. There was no statistical correlation between age and mean differential change in length of penis (r= -0.2842, p=0.43). It was therefore concluded that there was a significant change in penile length (tumescence) following successful spinal anaesthesia.
Spinal Anaesthesia, Flaccid, Penile Length, Tumescence, Urologic Surgery
To cite this article
Sotonye Fyneface-Ogan, Ngozi Onyeanunam Ekeke, The Effect of Spinal Anaesthesia on Penile Tumescence, Journal of Anesthesiology. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 40-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ja.20180601.17
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Van Arsdalen KN, Chen JW, Smith MJ. Penile erections complicating transurethral surgery. J Urol 1983; 12: 374–376.
Nates WA. Penile erection complicating transurethral surgery. SAJAA 2007; 13:2, 53, DOI: 10. 1080/22201173. 2007. 10872478.
Breen TW, Shapiro T, Glass B, Foster‐Payne D, Oriel NE. Epidural anaesthesia for labor in an ambulatory patient. Anesth Analg 1993; 77: 919–924.
Shah J, Christopher N. Can shoe size predict penile length? BJU Int 2002; 90: 586--587.
Spyropoulos E, Borousas D, Mavrikos S, Dellis A, Bourounis M, Athanasiadis S. Size of external genital organs and somatometric parameters among physically normal men younger than 40 years old. Urology 2002; 60: 485—489.
Lue TF, Zeineh SJ, Schmidt RA, Tanagho EA. Neuroanatomy of penile erection: its relevance to iatrogenic impotence. J Urol 1984; 131: 273-280.
Shantha TR. Intraoperative management of penile erection by using terbutaline. Anesthesiology 1989; 70: 707-709.
Robert SW, Jay BB. Treatment of intraoperative penile tumescence. J Urol 1980; 124: 925.
Baltogiannis DM, Charalabopoulos AK, Giannakopoulos XK, Giannakis DJ, Sofikitis NV, Charalabopoulos KA. Penile erection during transurethral surgery. J Androl 2006; 27: 376-380.
Rao TH, Zaman W, Jain RK. Intraoperative penile erection. Arch Esp Urol. 2000; 53: 953-956.
Walther PJ, Meyer AF, Woodworth BE. Intraoperative management of penile erection with intracorporeal phenylephrine during endoscopic surgery. J Urol 1987; 137: 738-739.
De Meyer JM, De Sy WA. Intracavernous injection of noradrenaline to interrupt erections during surgical interventions. Eur Urol 1986; 12: 169-170.
Seftel AD, Resnick MI, Boswell MV. Dorsal nerve block for the management of intraoperative penile erection. J Urol 1994 151: 394-395.
Valley MA, Sang CN. Use of glycopyrrolate to treat intraoperative penile erection: case report and review of the literature. Reg Anaesth 1994; 19: 423-428.
Fyneface-Ogan S, Eke N. Intraoperative blood loss during retropubic Prostatectomy: a comparison of regional and general anaesthesia. J Coll Med 2004; 9: 8-11.
Browse journals by subject